Interior design is the art of enhancing interiors, also including the exterior, to achieve astatically pleading environment for the user. And also we can say it is the process of shaping the experience of interior space, the manipulation of spatial volume as well as surface treatment for the betterment of human functionality. An interior designer has plans, researches, coordinates and manages projects.
There are 7 elements of Interior Design:
Space is one of the most important parts interior design. Space acts as a foundation on which the entire interior design plan is built. Hence it is essential that the designer is well aware of the space available, its dimensions and its utilities.
Lines are broadly categorized into three types – Horizontal, Vertical and Dynamic. Whereas horizontal lines adorn structures likes tables, chairs and beds, vertical lines may be found on windows and doorways while horizontal lines add a safe and secure feeling to the space, vertical lines emote free and expansive nature. Dynamic or angular lines, that are action oriented add drama and may be seen on structures like stairs.
Forms mean shapes in general, an outline of any three dimensional object in the space. Forms may be created by combining two or more shapes and might be accentuated with the assistance of different elements like texture, patterns and colors.
Light is one of the most obvious elements of interior design. Either natural or artificial, without light other elements namely color, texture and pattern have no significance at all. Light sets in the mood and ambience into a living space and highlights the every other element including space, line and forms.
Colors don't need any special introduction. Colors establish an aesthetic affiliation between objects and set the mood. Colors must be chosen based on the psychology and the mindset of the dweller. As an example, red is a superb choice for dining area as it encourages appetite and green for bedroom as it is the color of tranquility and health. Every color has three distinct characteristics namely Hue, Value and Intensity, and an interior designer must be well aware of these characteristics to perform various permutations and combinations. Colors are broadly classified into two categories: Primary and Secondary colors.
Texture mainly deals with surfaces and determines how a typical surface looks and feels. Texture adds depth and interest into room and defines the feel / appearance and consistency of a surface. Texture is broadly classified into two types – Visual Texture where the texture is only visible and Actual Texture where the texture is both seen and felt. Anything that has to do with textiles such as pillow cover, bed spreads or anything to do with covers like drapes, wall paint or wallpapers have a texture.
Patterns add interest and life to interior design and work along with colors. Patterns tell a story of their own and add the elements of continuity and smooth transition in a room. Patterns could be of any shape and mostly comprise of attractive and repetitive designs.